Bladder & Urinary Tract


The bladder is part of the urinary system. The kidneys, ureters, bladder and urethra make up the urinary system. Urine is made by the kidneys continuously as they filter out waste from the blood. The urine flows down the ureters to the bladder where it is stored.


Conditions of the Bladder

  • Overactive bladder
  • Urinary incontinence
  • Cystitis (inflammation)
  • Infection / UTI
  • Blood in urine
  • Bladder stones
  • Bladder polyps
  • Urethral stricture disease
  • Urethral cancer
  • Bladder cancer

Treatment Options

Dr Paul Manohar has extensive training and expertise treating conditions affecting the bladder and urinary tract. Here is a non-exhaustive list of treatment options available:

Overactive Bladder

  • Sacral Nerve Stimulation (Sacral Neuromodulation)
  • Botox treatment
  • Medication


Urinary Incontinence

  • Urodynamic clinic
  • Physical therapy
  • Medication
  • Surgery


Bladder Stones

  • Cystolitholapaxy

Urethral Stricture Disease

  • Dilation
  • Urethroplasty
  • Stent or catheter


Urethral Cancer

  • Surgery


Bladder Cancer

  • Cystoscopic resection of the tumor
  • Cystectomy (partial or radical/total)